The All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) is a political party in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.
The AIADMK also has a presence in other states including Delhi, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.
AIADMK, which is in power in Tamil Nadu is the third largest party in the Lok Sabha’s
This Dravidian party was founded by Puratchi Thalaivar, Ponmanachemmal M.G. Ramachandran who was fondly referred to by the people of Tamilnadu as MGR, in 1972 as a breakaway faction of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). Since 1989, the AIADMK, after the demise of MGR has been led by Puratchi Thalaivi Selvi J Jayalalithaa who in turn was affectionately referred to as “AMMA” by the people of Tamilnadu. Coalitions headed by the party have won the elections to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly eight times, making it the most successful political outfit in the state’s history.
The party headquarters is in Royapettah, Chennai.
MGR Era (1972–1987)
The party was founded in 1972 as Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK) by MGR, a veteran Tamil film star and a popular politician, as
a breakaway group of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK).
Later, the party leaders prefixed the All India (AI) tag before the party name. MGR used his fan base for building the party cadre. The AIADMK
recruited more than 10 lakh members in just two months of its creation. The first victory of the AIADMK was in the Dindigul parliamentary
by-election in 1973. It also won the Coimbatore assembly by-election a year later.
The DMK-led government was dismissed by a Central promulgation on corruption charges in, 1976. The AIADMK came to power in 1977 after
trouncing DMK in the assembly elections. MGR was sworn in as the 7th Chief Minister of the state on 30 June, 1977. MGR remained in power
for ten years .The party under his leadership won the assembly elections ,three times consecutively in 1977,1980 and 1984.
In 1979, AIADMK became the first Dravidian and Regional party to be part of the Union Cabinet, when two AIADMK MP’s, Satyavani Muthu and
Aravinda Bala Pajanor, joined the Charan Singh Ministry which was followed by the Morarji Desai-led Janata Party government of 1977-79.
In a massive reverse of fortunes for the DMK – Congress alliance, the AIADMK won a comfortable majority in the state assembly by winning 129
seats out of 234. Dr. MGR was sworn in as chief minister for the second time on 09.06.1980.
In 1984, even with MGR’s failing health and subsequent hospitalization abroad, the party won the assembly elections.
Many political historians considered MGR’s persona and charisma at that point of time as “infallible”, and a logical continuation of his on-screen
“good boy” image, strengthened by his “near mythical status” in the minds of the masses.
Puratchi Thalaivar’s soul departed this earth on 24.12.1987.
Following the demise of the party’s founder,the AIADMK emerged into two
groups– one under Janaki Ramachandran, wife of MGR and the other under
Later,in 1989 the two groups were consolidated under the leadership of Puratchi
AMMA Era (1989 – Present)
The DMK government was dismissed in 1990 by the Central Government led by the
Prime Minister, Chandra Shekhar, as the constitutional machinery in
the state was pushed to abyss.
The AIADMK swept to power in the assembly elections of 1991 under the leadership of AMMA, who become the 2nd woman Chief Minister and the 10th
Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
Despite fabricated accusations, AMMA completed the full term of five years as Chief Minister which ended in 1996. In the 2001 Assembly Elections, the AIADMK-led alliance, consisting of the Congress, the Tamil Maanila Congress, the Left Front and the Pattali Makkal Katchi, regained power, winning 197 seats, with AIADMK winning 132 of them.
During her 2nd term in office, Chief Minister AMMA took many popular decisions such as banning of lottery tickets, restricting liquor and sand quarrying business to government agencies and banning tobacco product sales near schools and colleges.
She encouraged women to join the state police force by setting up all women-police stations and commissioning 150 women into the elite level police commandos in 2003, a first of its kind in India. They underwent the same training as their male counterparts, covering the handling of weapons, detection and disposal of bombs, driving, horse riding and adventure sports.
AMMA sent a special task force to the Satyamangalam forests in October 2004 to hunt down notorious sandalwood smuggler, Veerappan. The operation was successful as Veerappan was finally killed by the task force on 18.10.2004.
Corruption became rampant during the DMK regime from 2006 to 2011. The Himalayan 2G Spectrum Scam involving Karunanidhi’s daughter Kanimozhi and former Telecommunications Minister of the DMK, A. Raja causing the Exchequer a loss to the tune of Rs. 1.76 lakh crore came to light.Nepotism,also led to the defeat of DMK.
In the 2011 Tamil Nadu Legislative assembly election, the AIADMK and its alliance won 202 seats of the 234 seats. The AIADMK by itself won 150 seats.
AMMA was sworn in as Chief Minister for the 3rd time on 16.05.2011.
Expansion beyond Tamil Nadu and Puducherry
Under AMMA’s resourceful guidance, AIADMK has spread its wings beyond Tamil Nadu and Puducherry and state units have been established in the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The party floated 54 candidates across the state of Kerala in the 2006 assembly election and had contested on its own.
In Karnataka the party had members in the state assembly and has influence in the Tamil-speaking areas of Bangalore and Kolar district. AIADMK has its following in various other places like Mumbai and Delhi. There are also units in various countries where the Tamil population has spread out.
POLICIES OF THE AIADMK
- MGR indicated he never favoured ethnic exclusion”.
- The AIADMK sought to depoliticize the educational policy of the government by not insisting on the medium of education to be Tamil language.
- Policies of the AIADMK were targeted towards the poorer segments of Tamil society – poor, rickshaw pullers, and destitute women and centralizing the massive Nutritious Noon Meal Scheme for children.
- There was an ambivalent approach towards the reservation policy and interest of farmers.
- The AIADMK has posted an array of populist schemes targeting the human development index of the state.
- The AIADMK government distributed free cycles to class 11 and class 12 students during its tenure of 2001-2006.
- The AIADMK during the 2011 elections announced free laptops for school students and mixie, grinder and fans for the public.
- The AIADMK has kept up all its election promises after assuming power. The current AIADMK regime led by the charismatic Chief Minister Puratchi Thalaivi “AMMA” is marching ahead victoriously.
- AMMA has been formulating and implementing a host of visionary schemes in the sectors of Education, Health, Social Welfare, Agriculture, Manufacturing, etc. for the development and welfare of the people of Tamil Nadu.